|Constructing porous TiO(2)crystals by an etching process for long-life lithium ion batteries|
|Nong, SY; Dong, CL; Wang, YX; Huang, FQ
|Abstract||Zero strain materials, which have no volume change when charging and discharging, show ultra-long cycling stabilities when used as lithium-ion battery anodes, making them an area of extreme interest in this decade. For a typical anatase TiO(2)crystal, the volume change is 3-4% during Li insertion/extraction, which is not "zero strain". As the Ti/O packing in the TiO(2)lattice is too tight, there is insufficient void space for Li insertion, leading to volume expansion and structural collapse. Herein, pseudo-"zero-strain" TiO(2)is achievedviadesigning TiO(2)crystals with abundant inner mesopores, making Ti/O loose-packedviathe acid-etching of K2Ti8O17, providing sufficient space for Li intercalation. Instead of the traditional cut-off potential of 1 V used for Ti-/Nb-based anodes, we choose 0.01 V as the cut-off to make the best of the extra capacity contributed by the mesopores. As expected, plenty of mesopores could serve as "Li+-reservoirs" for fast lithium storage, demonstrating exceptional high-rate performance with an average capacity of 109.6 mA h g(-1)after 30 000 cycles at 60 C and 100 mA h g(-1)at 120 C. Such a strategy of combining a mesoporous structure and cut-off potential regulation may pave a solid pathway for constructing novel high-power anodes.|
|WOS Keyword||ANODE MATERIALS
; HOLLOW SPHERES
; ANATASE TIO2
; RUTILE TIO2
|WOS Research Area||Chemistry
; Science & Technology - Other Topics
; Materials Science
|Publisher||ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Nong, SY,Dong, CL,Wang, YX,et al. Constructing porous TiO(2)crystals by an etching process for long-life lithium ion batteries[J]. NANOSCALE,2020(35):18429.
Nong, SY,Dong, CL,Wang, YX,&Huang, FQ.(2020).Constructing porous TiO(2)crystals by an etching process for long-life lithium ion batteries.NANOSCALE(35),18429.
Nong, SY,et al."Constructing porous TiO(2)crystals by an etching process for long-life lithium ion batteries".NANOSCALE .35(2020):18429.
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