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Improving electrical properties of ZnO-Bi2O3 -Sb2O3 -MnO2 varistors by doping with pre-synthesized Bi-Si-O phase
Cui, FF; Xu, ZJ; Chu, RQ; Li, GR
2020-09-25
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS
ISSN0925-8388
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe electric properties and microstructure of ZnO -Bi2O3- Sb2O3-MnO2 (ZBSM) varistor ceramics as a function of pre-synthesized mixture of 6Bi(2)O(3) SiO2 (Bi-Si-O) were investigated. The introduction of Bi -Si-O increases liquid phase content during the sintering process, accelerating the solid solubility of MnO2, Sb2O3 and possibly partial Si ions towards ZnO grains. As results, the interface state density significantly increases to 16.43 x 10(16) /m(2) in the 4 wt% Bi-Si-O ZBSM ceramic, which leads to the highest value of barrier height of 5.87 eV and nonlinear coefficient of 54.56. At the same time, the electric breakdown voltage and leakage current density decreases to 613.82 V/mm and 0.001 mu A mm(-2), respectively. Besides, grain boundary resistance gradually increases with increasing Bi-Si-O dopant (x <= 4 wt%) and then decreases sharply to a very low value when x = 6 wt%, which consists with the variation of leakage current density. Furthermore, only one relaxation occurred in ZBSM-xBi-Si-O varistors which can be confirmed by the Cole-Cole plot analysis. Oxygen absorption and ion migration mechanisms are used to explain the enhancement of nonlinear electrical properties. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V.
DOI10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.154692
WOS KeywordSOLID-STATE REACTION ; ZINC-OXIDE ; GRAIN-GROWTH ; SYNTHETIC MULTIPHASE ; ZNO ; MICROSTRUCTURE ; TEMPERATURE ; RESISTIVITY ; OXYGEN ; CR2O3
Language英语
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Materials Science ; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.sic.ac.cn/handle/331005/27736
Collection中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cui, FF,Xu, ZJ,Chu, RQ,et al. Improving electrical properties of ZnO-Bi2O3 -Sb2O3 -MnO2 varistors by doping with pre-synthesized Bi-Si-O phase[J]. JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS,2020.
APA Cui, FF,Xu, ZJ,Chu, RQ,&Li, GR.(2020).Improving electrical properties of ZnO-Bi2O3 -Sb2O3 -MnO2 varistors by doping with pre-synthesized Bi-Si-O phase.JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS.
MLA Cui, FF,et al."Improving electrical properties of ZnO-Bi2O3 -Sb2O3 -MnO2 varistors by doping with pre-synthesized Bi-Si-O phase".JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS (2020).
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