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Two-dimensional Nb-based M4C3Tx MXenes and their sodium storage performances
Cai, Ping; He, Qiming; Wang, Lujie; Liu, Xuejian; Yin, Jie; Liu, Yan; Huang, Yihua; Huang, Zhengren
2019-04-01
Source PublicationCERAMICS INTERNATIONAL
ISSN0272-8842
Volume45Issue:5Pages:5761
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe MAX phases and MXenes are attractive materials for diverse applications. In this work, the two-dimensional Nb3.5Ta0.5C3Tx and Nb3.9W0.1C3Tx MXenes and the based phase Nb4C3Tx (where T-x is a surface termination) were synthesized by selective etching off aluminum, Al, from their corresponding MAX phase ceramics Nb3.5Ta0.5AlC3, Nb3.9W0.1AlC3 and Nb4AlC3. The XRD results indicate that the intermediate Al layers have been removed as the intensity of the major peaks of all MAX ceramics were reduced. The typical multilayered structure also confirms the successful synthesis of MXenes. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) shows that Nb-0 exists in the three MAX ceramics owing to the metallic Nb-Nb bonding, which is inherent in the MAX ceramics. Since oxidation in the etching process is inevitable, there are some high-valent oxidation states exhibiting in the M-site elements. The electrochemical performance of the as-prepared MXenes towards sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) was further examined by cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge-discharge and rate performance tests. The results exhibit that the based phase Nb4C3Tx shows better electrochemical performance than Nb3.5Ta0.5C3Tx and Nb-3.W-9(0).1C3Tx.
KeywordMXenes Phase composition Microstructure XPS SIBs
DOI10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.12.042
Language英语
WOS Research AreaMaterials Science
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.sic.ac.cn/handle/331005/27234
Collection中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cai, Ping,He, Qiming,Wang, Lujie,et al. Two-dimensional Nb-based M4C3Tx MXenes and their sodium storage performances[J]. CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL,2019,45(5):5761.
APA Cai, Ping.,He, Qiming.,Wang, Lujie.,Liu, Xuejian.,Yin, Jie.,...&Huang, Zhengren.(2019).Two-dimensional Nb-based M4C3Tx MXenes and their sodium storage performances.CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL,45(5),5761.
MLA Cai, Ping,et al."Two-dimensional Nb-based M4C3Tx MXenes and their sodium storage performances".CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL 45.5(2019):5761.
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