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Thermoelectric properties of Ag2S superionic conductor with intrinsically low lattice thermal conductivity
Wang Tuo; Chen Hong-Yi; Qiu Peng-Fei; Shi Xun; Chen Li-Dong
2019-05-05
Source PublicationACTA PHYSICA SINICA
ISSN1000-3290
Volume68Issue:9
SubtypeArticle
AbstractRecently, Ag2S superionic conductor has attracted great attention due to its metal-like ductility and deformability. In this work, the single phase Ag2S compound is fabricated by the melting-annealing method. The crystal structure, ionic conduction, and electrical and thermal transports in a temperature range of 300-600 K are systematically investigated. The monoclinic-cubic crystal structure transition occurs around 455 K for Ag2S. Significant reduction in the specific heat at constant volume below the Dulong-Petit limit is observed for Ag2S after the monoclinic-cubic phase transition, which is attributed to the liquid-like Ag ions existing inside the sulfur framework. Ag2S shows typical semiconducting-like electrical transport behavior in the whole measured temperature range. Around 455 K, the ionic conductivity, carrier concentration, carrier mobility, electrical conductivity, and Seebeck coefficient each show an abrupt change. The calculated ionic activation based on the ionic conductivity is 0.076 eV for the body centered cubic Ag2S. The calculated band gap based on the electrical conductivity decreases from 1.1 eV for the monoclinic Ag2S to 0.42 eV for the body centered cubic Ag2S. The abrupt increase of electrical conductivity after the monoclinic-cubic phase transition leads to a maximum power factor around 5 mu W.cm(-1).K-2 at 550 K. In the whole measured temperature range, Ag2S demonstrates an intrinsically low lattice thermal conductivity (below 0.6 W.m(-1).K-1). The calculated phonon dispersion indicates that the weak chemical bonding between Ag and S is responsible for the low lattice thermal conductivity observed in the monoclinic Ag2S. Likewise, the presence of liquid-like Ag ions with low ionic activation energy is responsible for the low lattice thermal conductivity for the cubic Ag2S. Finally, the Ag2S shows the maximum thermoelectric figure of merit of 0.55 at 580 K, which is comparable to the thermoelectric figure of merit reported before in most of Ag-based thermoelectric superionic conductors.
Keywordthermoelectric superionic conductor phase transition lattice thermal conductivity
DOI10.7498/aps.68.20190073
Language中文
WOS Research AreaPhysics
PublisherCHINESE PHYSICAL SOC
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.sic.ac.cn/handle/331005/27125
Collection中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所
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GB/T 7714
Wang Tuo,Chen Hong-Yi,Qiu Peng-Fei,et al. Thermoelectric properties of Ag2S superionic conductor with intrinsically low lattice thermal conductivity[J]. ACTA PHYSICA SINICA,2019,68(9).
APA Wang Tuo,Chen Hong-Yi,Qiu Peng-Fei,Shi Xun,&Chen Li-Dong.(2019).Thermoelectric properties of Ag2S superionic conductor with intrinsically low lattice thermal conductivity.ACTA PHYSICA SINICA,68(9).
MLA Wang Tuo,et al."Thermoelectric properties of Ag2S superionic conductor with intrinsically low lattice thermal conductivity".ACTA PHYSICA SINICA 68.9(2019).
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