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Monodispersed Carbon-Coated Cubic NiP2Nanoparticles Anchored on Carbon Nanotubes as Ultra-Long-Life Anodes for Reversible Lithium Storage
Lou, Peili1,2; Cui, Zhonghui1; Jia, Zhiqing1,2; Sun, Jiyang1,2; Tan, Yingbin1; Guo, Xiangxin1
2017
发表期刊ACS Nano
ISSN19360851
卷号11期号:4页码:3705-3715
摘要In search of new electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries, metal phosphides that exhibit desirable properties such as high theoretical capacity, moderate discharge plateau, and relatively low polarization recently have attracted a great deal of attention as anode materials. However, the large volume changes and thus resulting collapse of electrode structure during long-term cycling are still challenges for metal-phosphide-based anodes. Here we report an electrode design strategy to solve these problems. The key to this strategy is to confine the electroactive nanoparticles into flexible conductive hosts (like carbon materials) and meanwhile maintain a monodispersed nature of the electroactive particles within the hosts. Monodispersed carbon-coated cubic NiP2nanoparticles anchored on carbon nanotubes (NiP2@C-CNTs) as a proof-of-concept were designed and synthesized. Excellent cyclability (more than 1000 cycles) and capacity retention (high capacities of 816 mAh g-1after 1200 cycles at 1300 mA g-1and 654.5 mAh g-1after 1500 cycles at 5000 mA g-1) are characterized, which is among the best performance of the NiP2anodes and even most of the phosphide-based anodes reported so far. The impressive performance is attributed to the superior structure stability and the enhanced reaction kinetics incurred by our design. Furthermore, a full cell consisting of a NiP2@C-CNTs anode and a LiFePO4cathode is investigated. It delivers an average discharge capacity of 827 mAh g-1based on the mass of the NiP2anode and exhibits a capacity retention of 80.7% over 200 cycles, with an average output of ∼2.32 V. As a proof-of-concept, these results demonstrate the effectiveness of our strategy on improving the electrode performance. We believe that this strategy for construction of high-performance anodes can be extended to other phase-transformation-type materials, which suffer a large volume change upon lithium insertion/extraction. © 2017 American Chemical Society.
DOI10.1021/acsnano.6b08223
EI入藏号20171703608808
EI主题词Anodes
EI分类号701.1 Electricity: Basic Concepts and Phenomena - 708.2 Conducting Materials - 714.1 Electron Tubes - 761 Nanotechnology - 802.2 Chemical Reactions - 819.4 Fiber Products - 933 Solid State Physics
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.sic.ac.cn/handle/331005/25588
专题中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所
作者单位1.State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai; 200050, China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing; 100039, China
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GB/T 7714
Lou, Peili,Cui, Zhonghui,Jia, Zhiqing,et al. Monodispersed Carbon-Coated Cubic NiP2Nanoparticles Anchored on Carbon Nanotubes as Ultra-Long-Life Anodes for Reversible Lithium Storage[J]. ACS Nano,2017,11(4):3705-3715.
APA Lou, Peili,Cui, Zhonghui,Jia, Zhiqing,Sun, Jiyang,Tan, Yingbin,&Guo, Xiangxin.(2017).Monodispersed Carbon-Coated Cubic NiP2Nanoparticles Anchored on Carbon Nanotubes as Ultra-Long-Life Anodes for Reversible Lithium Storage.ACS Nano,11(4),3705-3715.
MLA Lou, Peili,et al."Monodispersed Carbon-Coated Cubic NiP2Nanoparticles Anchored on Carbon Nanotubes as Ultra-Long-Life Anodes for Reversible Lithium Storage".ACS Nano 11.4(2017):3705-3715.
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